Wednesday, 12 February 2014

ZAYD IBN HARITHAH (R A)


ZAYD IBN HARITHAH (RadhiAllaahu Anhu)

Zayd ibn Harithah (R A) (c. 581-629 CE) was a companion of Muhammad (SAWS) who was at one stage regarded as his son. He is the only companion whose name appears in the Qur'an (33:37).

Narrators and historians described his appearance as short, dark swarthy, and snub-nosed. As for his reality, he was truly a great Muslim. He was one of the great commanders of the Prophet (SAWS). Zayd (R A)had three children.  Usama(R A), son of Baraka(Umm Ayman),  Zayd, son of Umm Kulthum, who died in infancy. Ruqayya, daughter of Umm Kulthum, who died while under the care of Uthman(R A). He was killed at the Battle of Mu'tah.

Childhood:
 Haarithah, Zayd 's father, just putting the luggage on the camel that was to carry his wife, Su`dah, to her family. Haarithah paid his farewell to his wife who carried Zayd - at that time a young child - in her arms. But every time he was about to leave his wife and child who were going with a caravan, to return to his house and work, he was driven by a mysterious and inexplicable urge to keep his wife and son in sight; yet it was time for them to set out on their way and Haarithah had to pay his last farewell to his wife and head back home. His tears flowed as he said goodbye and stood as if pinned to the ground until he lost sight of them. At that moment he felt broken-hearted.

Su'dah stayed with her family for a while. One day, suddenly her neighborhood was attacked by one of its opposing tribes. Taken by surprise, Bani Ma`n were defeated and Zai lbn Haarithah was captured along with other war prisoners. His mother returned home alone. When Haarithah heard the sad news, he was thunderstruck. He traveled everywhere and asked everyone about his beloved Zayd . He recited these lines of poetry on the spur of the moment to lament the loss of his son:

My heart was broken when I lost Zayd . I don't know if he is alive or dead or if I will ever see him again. By Allaah , I still do not know if he was killed on the plain or slain on the mountain. His picture comes to the mind's eye whenever the sun rises or sets. Even when the wind blows, it brings along his memory. Alas, I am shrouded by my sadness, grief, and fear for him.

At that time, slavery was a recognized and established social fact that turned into a necessity. This was the case in Athens, which had long enjoyed a flourishing civilization, in Rome, and in the entire ancient world, including the Arab Peninsula. When the opposing tribe attacked the Bani Ma'n, it headed to the market of `Ukaadh, held at that time, to sell its prisoners of war. The child Zayd , was sold to Hakiim Ibn Huzaam, who gave him to his aunt Khadiijah (R Anha) as a gift. At that time, khadiijah(R Anha) was married to Muhammad Ibn `Abd Allaah (SAWS) but the revelation had not yet descended on him. However, he enjoyed all the promising great qualities of prophets (SAWS) . Khadiijah(R Anha), on her part, gave her servant Zayd as a gift to her husband, Allaah's Prophet(SAWS). He was very pleased with Zayd (R A) and manumitted him at once. His great and compassionate heart overflowed with care and love towards the boy.

Later on, during one of the Hajj seasons, a group of Haarithah's tribe ran into Zayd in Makkah and told him about his parents anguish and grief ever since they had lost him. Zayd (R A) asked them to convey his love and longing to his parents. He told them, "Tell my father that I live here with the most generous and loving father." No sooner did his father know his son's whereabouts than he hastened on his way to him, accompanied by his brother.

As soon as they reached Makkah, he asked about the trustworthy Muhammad(SAWS). When he met him, he said, "O son of lbn Abd Al-Muttalib! O son of the master of his tribe! Your land is one of security and sanctuary and you are famous for helping the distressed and sheltering the captive. We have come here to ask you to give us back our son. So please confer a favor on us and set a reasonable ransom for him." The Prophet (SAWS) knew the great love and attachment Zayd carried in his heart for him, yet at the same time, he respected Haarithah's parental right. Therefore, he told Haarithah, "Ask Zayd to come here and make him choose between you and me. If he chooses you, he is free to go with you, but if he chooses me then, by Allaah, I will not leave him for anything in the world." Haarithah's face brightened, for he did not expect such magnanimity; therefore, he said, "You are far more generous than us." Then the Prophet (SAWS) summoned Zayd . When he came he asked him, "Do you recognize these people?" Zayd (R A) said, "Yes, this is my father and this is my uncle."

The Prophet (SAWS) told him what he had told Haarithah. Zayd(R A)  replied, "I will not choose anyone but you, for you are a father and an uncle to me." The Prophet's eyes were full of thankful and compassionate tears. He held Zayd 's hand and walked to the Ka'bah, where the Quraish were holding a meeting, and cried out, "I bear witness that Zayd is my son, and in case I die first, he will inherit from me, and in case he dies first, I will inherit from him." Hiaarithah was overjoyed, for not only had his son been manumitted but he had also become the son of the man who was known by the Quraish as "The Honest and Trustworthy". Moreover, he was a descendant of Bani Haashim and was raised to a high station among his people.

Zayd 's father and uncle returned back home leaving their son safe and sound after he had become master of himself and after the Prophet (SAWS) had set to rest their fears concerning his fate.

The Prophet (SAWS) adopted Zayd (R A) and from that moment on he was known as Zayd Ibn Muhammad.

Suddenly, on a bright morning whose brightness has never been seen before or since, the revelation descended on Muhammad: "read! In the name of your Lord who created - created mankind from something which clings; read! And your Lord is the Most Noble; who taught by the pen; taught mankind what he did not know " (96:1-5). Then the revelation continued: "O you encovered--- Arise and warn! And magnify your Lord" (74:1-3). "O Messenger! Proclaim the message which has been sent down to you from your Lord. And if you do not, then you have not conveyed His message. Allaah  will protect you from mankind. Verily, Allaah  guides not the people who disbelieve" (5 : 61).

As soon as the Prophet (SAWS) had shouldered the responsibility of his message, Zayd submitted himself to Islam. Narrators said that he was the second man after Ali (R A) to embrace Islam.

The Prophet (SAWS) loved Zayd so dearly due to his singular loyalty, greatness of spirit, conscientiousness, honesty, and trust worthiness. All this and more, made Zayd Ibn Haarithah or Zayd the Beloved One, as the Companions used to call him, hold a distinguished place in the Prophet's heart (SAWS) . `Aa'ishah (R Anha) said, "The Prophet (SAWS) never sent Zayd on an expedition but as a commander and if his life had not been so short, he would have made him his successor.

Was it possible for anyone to be held in such great esteem by the Prophet? What was Zayd really like?

As we have mentioned, he was that boy who had been kidnapped, sold, and manumitted by the Prophet (SAWS) . He was this short, swarthy, snub-nosed man. Above all, he had a compassionate heart and a free soul. Therefore, he was raised to the highest position by his Islam and the Prophet's love for him, for neither Islam nor the Prophet (SAWS) took notice of descent or prestige. Muslims like Bilaal , Suhaib, Khabbaab, `Ammaar, Usaamah and Zayd were all alike according to this great religion. Each one of them played an important and distinctive role in gizing impetus to the rapidly spreading religion. These saintly ones and commanders were the sparkling stars of Islam. Islam rectified life values when the glorious Qur'aan said: "Surely, the most honorable among you in the sight of Allaah  are the most pious of you " (49:13). Moreover, it encouraged all promising talents and all pure, trustworthy, and productive potentialities.

The Prophet (SAWS) married his cousin Zainab to Zayd . It seems that Zainab (R Anah) accepted that marriage, shyness prevented her from turning down the Prophet's intercession. Unfortunately, the gap between them widened every day, and finally their marriage collapsed. The Prophet (SAWS) felt that he was , in a way, responsible for this marriage which ended up in divorce; therefore, he married his cousin and chose a new wife, Umm Kulthuum Bint `Uqbah for Zayd . The slanderers and the enemies of the Prophet(SAWS)  spread doubt concerning the legality of Muhammad's marriage to his son's ex-wife. The Qur'aan refuted their claims by striking a distinction between sons and adopted sons. It abrogated adoption altogether saying: "Mohammed is not a father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allaah  and the last of the Prophets " (33:90). Hence, Zayd was called after his father's name once again, namely, Zayd Ibn Haarithah.

At last, the Battle of Mu'tah took place. It seems that the Romans and their senescent empire were filled with apprehensions and forebodings about the rapid spread of Islam. They saw it as a genuine and fatal threat to their very existence, especially in Syria, which bordered the center of the new, sweeping religion. Therefore, they used Syria as a springboard to the Arab Peninsula and the Muslim nation.

The Prophet (SAWS) realized that the aim of the Roman skirmishes was to test the Muslim combat readiness. Therefore, he decided to take the initiative and exhibit in action Islam's determination to resist and to gain ultimate victory. On 1 Jumaadii A.H. 8, the Muslim army marched towards Al-Balqaa' in Syria until they reached its borders where Heraclius's armies of the Romans and Arabicized tribes residing at the borders were. The Roman army pitched camp at a place called Mashaarif, whereas the Muslim army pitched camp near a town called Mu'tah. Hence, the battle was named Mu'tah.

The Prophet (SAWS) knew how important and crucial this battle was; therefore he chose for its command three of those who were worshippers by night and fighters by day. Those three fighters sold their lives and property to Allaah  and renounced their needs and desires for the sake of great martyrdom which would pave their way to win Allaah 's pleasure and to see Allaah , the Generous. These three commanders were in succession: Zayd Ibn Haarithah, Ja'far Ibn Abi Taalib and Abd Allaah  Ibn Rawaahah. (May Allaah  be pleased with them and they with Him, and may Allaah  be pleased with all the Companions.) Thus, the Prophet (SAWS) stood to bid farewell to his army and gave them his order saying, "Zayd Ibn Haarithah is your first commander, but in case he is wounded, Ja`far lbn Abi Taalib will take over the command, and if he is also wounded, `Abd Allaah  Ibn Rawaahah will take it over.

Although Ja'far lbn Abi Taalib(R A)  was one of the Prophet's closest friends who had valor, fearlessness, and good lineage, yet the Prophet chose him as the second commander after Zayd(R A)  . Thus, the Prophet (SAWS) stressed the fact that the new religion of Islam came to abolish corrupt human relationships based on false and superficial discrimination. It established new, rational human relationships instead.

It was as if the Prophet (SAWS) foresaw the proceedings of the imminent battle, for he assigned the command of the army to Zayd , Ja'far, and then `Abd Allaah  and strangely enough, all of them were raised to Allaah  in the same order set by him. When the Muslims saw the vanguard of the Roman army, which they had estimated at 200,000 warriors, they were stunned by its enormity that surpassed all expectation. But since when did the battles of faith depend on number?

At that moment, the Muslims flung themselves into the battlefield regardless of the consequences or jeopardy. Their commander, Zayd(R A)  , carried the Prophet's standard and fought his way through the enemy's spears, arrows, and swords. He was not so much searching for victory as for concluding his deal with Allaah , Who has purchased the lives and properties of Muslims in exchange for Paradise.

Zayd (R A) saw neither the sand of Al-Balqaa' nor the Roman forces. The only things that he saw were the hills of Paradise and its green cushions. These images flickered through his mind like the fluttering flags that had announced his wedding day. When he thrust and struck, he not only smote at the necks of his enemies, but also flung the doors open that stood in his way to the vast door through which he would reach the home of peace, the eternal Paradise and Allaah 's company. Zayd clung to his destiny. His spirit, on its way up to heaven, was overjoyed as it took its last glance at the body of its master that was not covered with soft silk but rather with pure blood shed in the way of Allaah . His serene smile widened when he saw the second commander, Ja'far(R A), dart towards the standard and hold it high before it touched the ground.

Friday, 7 February 2014

ABU UBAYDAH IBN AL-JARRAH(R A)

Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah (R.A)
-Custodian of Muhammad's [SAWS] community.


His appearance was striking. He was slim and tall. His face was bright and he had a sparse beard. It was pleasing to look at him and refreshing to meet him. He was extremely courteous and humble and quite shy. Yet in a tough situation he would become strikingly serious and alert, resembling the flashing blade of a sword in his severity and sharpness.

He was described as the Amin or Custodian of Muhammad's (SAWS)community. His full name was Aamir ibn Abdullah ibn al-Jarrah. He was known as Abu Ubaydah.

Abdullah ibn Umar, one of the companions of the Prophet(SAWS) and son of Umar(R A) said:

"Three persons in the tribe of Quraysh were most prominent, had the best character and were the most modest. If they spoke to you, they would not deceive you and if you spoke to them, they would not accuse you of Lying: Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, Uthman ibn Affan and Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah.(RadhiAllaahu Anhum)"

Abu Ubaydah (R A) was one of the first persons to accept Islam. He became a Muslim one day after Abu Bakr(R A). In fact, it was through Abu Bakr (R A) that he became a Muslim. Abu Bakr took him, Abdur Rahman ibn Aus, Uthman ibn Mazun and al-Arqam ibn Abu al Arqam to the Prophet(SAWS), and together they declared their acceptance of the Truth. They were thus the first pillars on which the great edifice of Islam was built.

Abu Ubaydah(R A) lived through the harsh experience, which the Muslims went through in Makkah, from beginning to end. With the early Muslims, he endured the insults and the violence, the pain and the sorrow of that experience. In every trial and test he remained firm and constant in his belief in God and His prophet(SAWS). One of the most harrowing experiences he had to go through however, was at the battle of Badr.

Abu Ubaydah(R A) was in the vanguard of the Muslim forces, fighting with might and main and as someone who was not at all afraid of death. The Quraysh cavalry were extremely wary of him and avoided coming face to face with him. One man in particular, however, kept on pursuing Abu Ubaydah wherever he turned and Abu Ubaydah tried his best to keep out of his way and avoid an encounter with him.

The man plunged into the attack. Abu Ubaydah (R A) tried desperately to avoid him. Eventually the man succeeded in blocking Abu Ubaydah's path and stood as a barrier between him and the Quraysh. I hey were now face to face with each other. Abu Ubaydah could not contain himself any longer. He struck one blow to the man's head. The man fell to the ground and died instantly.

Do not try to guess who this man was It was, as stated earlier, one of the most harrowing experiences that Abu Ubaydah(R A) had to go through, how harrowing, it is almost impossible to imagine. The man in Fact was Abdullah ibn al-Jarrah, the father of Abu Ubaydah(R A)!

Abu Ubaydah (R A) obviously did not want to kill his father but in the actual battle between faith in Allaah and polytheism, the choice open to him was profoundly disturbing but clear. In a way it could be said that he did not kill his father--he only killed the polytheism in the person of his father.

It is concerning this event that Allaah revealed the following verses of the Qur’an:

"You will not find a people believing in Allaah and the Last Day making friends with those who oppose Allaah and His messenger even if these were their fathers, their sons, their brothers or their clan. Allaah has placed faith in their hearts and strengthened them with a spirit from Him. He will cause them to enter gardens beneath which streams flow that they may dwell therein. Allaah is well pleased with them and they well pleased with Him. They are the party of Allaah. Is not the party of Allaah the successful ones?" (Surah al-Mujactilah 58:22)

The response of Abu Ubaydah at Badr when confronted by his father was not unexpected. He had attained a strength of faith in Allaah, devotion to His religion and a level of concern for the ummah of Muhammad to which many aspired.

It is related by Muhammad ibn Jafar, a Companion of the Prophet(SAWS), that a Christian delegation came to the Prophet(SAWS) and said, 'O Abu-l Qasim, send one of your companions with us, one in whom you are well pleased, to judge between us on some questions of property about which we disagree among ourselves. We have a high regard for you Muslim people."

"Come back to me this evening," replied the Prophet(SAWS), "and I will send with you one who is strong and trustworthy."

Umar ibn al-Khattab (R A) heard the Prophet (SAWS) saying this and later said: "I went to the Zuhr (midday) Prayer early hoping to be the one who would fit the description of the Prophet. When the Prophet (SAWS) had finished the Prayer, he began looking to his right and his left and I raised myself so that he could see me. But he continued looking among us until he spotted Abu Ubaydah ibn al-Jarrah(R A). He called him and said, 'Go with them and judge among them with truth about that which they are in disagreement." And so Abu Ubaydah got the appointment."

Abu Ubaydah (R A) was not only trustworthy. He displayed a great deal of strength in the discharge of his trust. This strength was shown on several occasions.

One day the Prophet (SAWS) dispatched a group of his Sahabah to meet a Quraysh caravan. He appointed Abu Ubaydah as amir (leader) of the group and gave them a bag of dates and nothing else as provisions. Abu Ubaydah gave to each man under his command only one date every day. He would suck this date just as a child would suck at the breast of its mother. He would then drink some water and this would suffice him for the whole day.

On the day of Uhud when the Muslims were being routed, one of the mushrikeen started to shout, "Show me Muhammad, show me Muhammad." Abu Ubaydah(R A) was one of a group of ten Muslims who had encircled the Prophet(SAWS) to protect him against the spears of the Mushrikeen.

When the battle was over, it was found that one of the Prophet's (SAWS) molar teeth was broken, his forehead was bashed in and two discs from his shield had penetrated into his cheeks. Abu Bakr (R A) went forward with the intention of extracting these discs but Abu Ubaydah (R A) said, "Please leave that to me."

Abu Ubaydah was afraid that he would cause the Prophet (SAWS) pain if he took out the discs with his hand. He bit hard into one of the discs. It was extracted but one of his incisor teeth fell to the ground in the process. With his other incisor, he extracted the other disc but lost that tooth also. Abu Bakr(R A) remarked, "Abu Ubaydah is the best of men at breaking incisor teeth!"

Abu Ubaydah (R A) continued to be fully involved in all the momentous events during the Prophet's lifetime. After the beloved Prophet had passed away, the companions gathered to choose a successor at the Saqifah or meeting place of Banu Saaadah. The day is known in history as the Day of Saqifah. On this day, Umar ibn al-Khattab said to Abu Ubaydah, "Stretch forth your hand and I will swear allegiance to you for I heard the Prophet, peace be upon him say, 'Every ummah has an amin (custodian) and you are the amin of this ummah.' "

"I would not," declared Abu Ubaydah(R A), "put myself forward in the presence of a man whom the Prophet, upon whom be peace, commanded to lead us in Prayer and who led us right until the Prophet's death." He then gave bayah (the oath of allegiance) to Abu Bakr as-Siddiq(R A). He continued to be a close adviser to Abu Bakr and his strong supporter in the cause of truth and goodness. Then came the caliphate of Umar and Abu Ubaydah also gave him his support and obedience. He did not disobey him in any matter, except one.

The incident happened when Abu Ubaydah was in Syria leading the Muslim forces from one victory to another until the whole of Syria was under Muslim control. The River Euphrates lay to his right and Asia Minor to his left.

It was then that a plague hit the land of Syria, the like of which people had never experienced before. It devastated the population. Umar dispatched a messenger to Abu Ubaydah with a letter saying:

"I am in urgent need of you. If my letter reaches you at night I strongly urge you to leave before dawn. If this letter reaches you during the day, I strongly urge you to leave before evening and hasten to me.

When Abu Ubaydah received Umar's letter, he said, "I know why the Amir al-Mumineen needs me. He wants to secure the survival of someone who, however, is not eternal." So he wrote to Umar:

"I know that you need me. But I am in an army of Muslims and I have no desire to save myself from what is afflicting them. I do not want to separate from them until Allaah wills. So, when this letter reaches you, release me from your command and permit me to stay on.''

When Umar read this letter tears filled his eyes and those who were with him asked, "Has Abu Ubaydah died, O Amir al-Mumineen?"

"No," said he, "But death is near to him."

Umar's intuition was not wrong. Before long, Abu Ubaydah became afflicted with the plague. As death hung over him, he spoke to his army:

"Let me give you some advice which will cause you to be on the path of goodness always. "Establish Prayer. Fast the month of Ramadan. Give Sadaqah. Perform the Hajj and Umrah. Remain united and support one another. Be sincere to your commanders and do not conceal anything from them. Don't let the world destroy you for even if man were to live a thousand years he would still end up with this state that you see me in.

Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allaah."

Abu Ubaydah(R A) then turned to Muadh ibn Jabal(R A) and said, "O Muadh, perform the prayer with the people (be their leader)." At this, his pure soul departed. Muadh got up and said:

"O people, you are stricken by the death of a man. By Allaah, I don't know whether I have seen a man who had a more righteous heart, who was further from all evil and who was more sincere to people than he. Ask Allaah to shower His mercy on him and Allaah will be merciful to you. "

ZUBAIR IBN AL-AWWAAM(R A)

Zubair ibn al-Awwaam(RadhiAllaahu Anhu)

Zubair ibn al-Awwaam(RadhiAllaahu Anhu) was the son of Al-'Awwaam and the father of 'Abdullah ibn Zubair. Zubair is one of the most respectable and famous personalities of Islam. The Prophet (SAWS) himself had decorated him with the title of "Hawaari ar-Rasool" or the Disciple of the Messenger of Allaah . He was one of those ten companions of the Prophet about whom the Prophet (SAWS) had prophecised of their entry into Paradise [‘Ashratun-Mubashshirah(i.e. those ten Companions who had been given the glad tidings of belonging to Paradise.)]. His eminence may be judged by the fact that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab (R A) would honorably address him with titles such as,
"One of the pillars of the Faith."
Zubair(R A) had more than one relationship with the Prophet (SAWS) as follows:

1. He was the son of Safiyyah (R Anha), the daughter of 'Abdul Muttalib and the aunt of the Prophet(SAWS). Thus he was the cousin of the Prophet (SAWS) .

2. Khadhija (R Anha), the mother of the believers, was the aunt of Zubair, and according to this the Prophet (SAWS) was his uncle.

3. Asma, the daughter of Abu Bakr Siddiq (R A) and the elder sister of 'Aa'isha Siddiqah (R Anhuma), was married to Zubair (R A) and thus he was a brother-in-law of the Prophet (SAWS)

4. Qusai, the son of Kalab, was the common ancestor of both the Prophet(SAWS) and Zubair(R A), and in this way Zubair had also ancestral relation with the Prophet (SAWS) .

His father, Al 'Awwaam, died when Zubair (R A) was still a child, so he came under the guardianship of his uncle Naufil the son of Khwailid. His mother Safiyyah, a bold and courageous lady as she was, wanted to bring up her child Zubair also as a bold and courageous man. So she would compel him to work hard and become sturdy and stout. For this reason she would often beat the young boy mercilessly. One day seeing the boy being beaten mercilessly by Safiyah, Naufil became restless. He complained to the nobles of Bani Hashim, the tribe to which Safiyah belonged, against her being so unkind to the boy. When Safiyah heard about it, she declared,

It is mistaken to state that I beat Zubair with enmity, I beat him in such a way only to make him wise.

This may be understood well by the incident narrated by Haafidh ibn Hajar (R), a famous historian. He writes:

Once, Zubair while in his boyhood, was confronted in a brawl against a full grown up man and had to fight, he struck the full grown up man in such a manner that the man lost one of his hands. But when people complained against Zubair to Safiyyah, she did not mind, She rather asked with great fondness, how they found Zubair in the fighting,

"Did he prove himself to be brave or a coward?"

It was this sort of training from his mother that Zubair (R A) became one of the great brave men of his age. He was always ready to face any danger and to endure any pain and trouble. During the early days of Islam, one day a rumor was spread in Mecca that the Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) has been made captive by the idolaters of Quraish, someone even lied that the Prophet (SAWS) was martyred. Zubair, who had come home to rest for a while, also heard this rumor. Although then he was only a boy of sixteen years, hearing the rumor upset him so much that he at once rushed out of his house with a naked sword in hand. He, however, thought it necessary to ascertain the rumors, thus he went straight to the house of the Prophet(SAWS), with a red face and a unsheathed sword in his hand.

Seeing him in such a state the Prophet (SAWS) asked, "What is the matter with you brother? Why there is a naked sword in your hand today?"

Zubair (R A) replied,

"O Messenger of Allaah , thanks to Allaah that you are quite safe and secure. May my parents be sacrificed for you! I heard the rumor that the idolaters had made you captive or even martyred you."

The Prophet (SAWS) said (with a smile on his face), "So, this is the matter which made you so restless. Well, suppose if the rumors would have been true then what would you have done?"

The young boy cried out:

"O Messenger of Allaah , by Allaah ! I alone would have declared war against the whole of Mecca. I would have preferred to die then to live after you were murdered."

Hearing this statement of the boy Zubair (R A) the Prophet smiled again and pointing towards the sword of Zubair declared,

"This is the first sword raised for the cause of Allaah and His Prophet."

Zubair(R A) belonged to the family that was blessed with the light of Islam at its advent. His aunt Khadijah (RadhiAllaahu Anha) was the first lady of Islam, his mother Safiyah also accepted Islam in its early days. So it was quite natural for Zubair that he too became an early and true follower of Islam between the age of twelve and sixteen years, and this is why he attained a prominent position among the earliest companions of the Prophet (SAWS) .

As we have seen above, Zubair's uncle Naufil was very kind and affectionate to him, but this was only till the time when Zubair wasn't in the fold of Islam. As soon as Zubair accepted the Oneness of Allaah and the Prophethood of Muhammad (SAWS) his uncle Naufil became his worst enemy. Now, that very Naufil who would become restless when seeing Zubair being beaten by his mother, now started to treat him worse than an enemy. The historians say, the enmity and hostility of Naufil against Zubair knew no bounds. He, usually would wrap him up into a mattress and lit fire around him. In this condition when he was engulfed by smoke, his cruel uncle would ask, "Are you ready to come back to your ancestral religion or not?" To which he would firmly reply,

"No, never! It is now impossible for me to give up the religion of Allaah . I must die as a Muslim and not as an infidel."

More Details of his Hardsips & Difficulties

Hadhrat Abul Aswad narrates that Hadhrat Zubayr bin Awwaam (R A) accepted Islaam when he was only eight years of age and migrated (to Madinah) when he was eighteen years old.

The uncle of Hadhrat Zubair used to hang him up in a straw mat and use a fire to make smoke from the bottom. He would then' say, "Return to kufr!" Hadhrat Zubair used to say, "I shall never be a Kaafir again!"
Hadhrat Hafs bin Khaalid narrates that an old man from Mosul came to them and said that he had accompanied Hadhrat Zubair bin Awwaam (R A) on a journey. He said:

"We were in an arid land when Hadhrat Zubair required a bath. He therefore told me to arrange for some privacy, which I did. (As he was bathing,) My gaze accidentally fell on his body and I noticed his entire body scarred by sword wounds. I said, 'By Allaah! The scars I have seen on you I have never seen on anyone else.' He asked, 'Did you see them?' Yes,' I replied. He responded by saying, 'Every wound of these was sustained with Rasulullaah in the path of Allaah .'"
Hadhrat Ali bin Zaid narrates that someone who saw Hadhrat Zubair informed him that there were scars resembling eyes on his chest which were made by arrows and spears.

Hijrah:

When the cruelty of his uncle exceeded all limits, Zubair (R A) left Mecca for Habasha (modern-day Ethiopia) with the permission of the Prophet (SAWS) . He did not stay there for long; after some time he came back to Mecca and started business.

The Hijra (migration) of the Prophet(SAWS) from Mecca to Medina occurred during the days Zubair was in Syria for business. While coming back to Mecca from Syria, he met the Prophet (SAWS) and Abu Bakr Siddiq (R A) while they were on their way from Mecca to Medina. After sometime, he too came over to Madina with Safiyah and his wife Asma.

In Medina the Prophet (SAWS) had established "Muakhah" or the relationship of Islamic Brotherhood, between the Muhajirs (migrants) of Mecca and Ansar (residers) of Medina. According to this relationship, he was among those companions of the Prophet who took part in the First Pledge of 'Aqaba, due to which the Prophet (SAWS) migrated to Medina.

Zubair(R A) was a man of courage and strength and was always ready to expose himself to danger for the sake of Allaah and His Messenger(SAWS). During the Battle of Trench (Khandaq), when the non-believers took a siege of Madina and Muslims were facing an extremely dangerous situation, the Messenger of Allaah (SAWS) asked who would bring the news of the people of Madina; Zubair without any hesitation raised the hand and said he would. The Messenger (SAWS) asked the question three times and every time Zubair (R A) raised the hand. The Messenger of Allaah(SAWS) was so pleased with Zubair that once he said, every prophet used to have a hawari (disciple), and my hawari is Zubair Ibn Awwam.

On one occasion the Messenger is reported to have said, “Zubair and Talha (R Anhum) are my companions in Paradise.” It was Zubair who along with Ali Ibn Abu Talib (R A) stormed the castles of traitor Banu Quraidha and caused them to surrender. His body was full of scars and wounds so much so that once during Hajj, when he was wearing Ihram with his chest exposed, someone said to him, I have never seen before a body like yours, to which Zubair replied, “None of these wounds has happened except when I was in the company of Prophet Muhammad(SAWS), fighting in the Cause of Allaah .”

The true mettle of Zubair (R A) came into light on the Day of Uhud, when the Muslims were defeated. The day battered their morale as 70 Companions were martyred in the battle, and most of them badly injured. It was at this situation that the Messenger of Allaah(SAWS) called upon the Muslims to gather strength and head once again for the war as Abu Sufian was coming back to attack Madina to completely annihilate the Muslims, considering their lost morale after the defeat at Uhud. Zubair(R A) responded to the call of the Messenger(SAWS) despite being wounded and along with Abu Bakr(R A) led the Muslims for the second clash; however the second clash did not materialise.

Zubair(R A) joined the army of Ayesha at the Battle of Camel and had the impression that he was fighting for the just cause as there was a lot of misinformation spread by the enemies of Islam. However, when he got to know the truth, he immediately withdrew from the war without thinking of its consequences. He was later assassinated while he was performing prayers. He died a death which the real Momin would swoon over.

May Allaah be pleased with him. Aameen

ABDUR RAHMAN IBN AWF (R A)


ABDUR RAHMAN IBN AWF (RadhiAllaahu Anhu)

-The imam of Prophet Muhammad (SAWS)!!!

Abdur Rahman ibn Awf (R.A) was one of the first eight persons to accept Islam. He was one of the ten persons (al-asharatu-l mubashshirin) who were assured of entering Paradise. He was one of the six persons chosen by Umar (R.A) to form the council of shura to choose the Khalifah after his death.

His name in Jahiliyyah days was Abu Amr. But when he accepted Islam the noble Prophet called him Abdur-Rahman - the servant of the Beneficent God.

Abdur-Rahman(R.A) became a Muslim before the Prophet entered the house of al-Arqam. In fact it is said that he accepted Islam only two days after Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (R.A) did so.

Abdur-Rahman did not escape the punishment which the early Muslims suffered at the hands of the Quraysh. He bore this punishment with steadfastness as they did. He remained firm as they did. And when they were compelled to leave Makkah for Abyssinia because of the continuous and unbearable persecution, Abdur-Rahman (R.A) also went. He returned to Makkah when it was rumored that conditions for the Muslims had improved but, when these rumors proved to be false, he left again for Abyssinia on a second hijrah. From Makkah once again he made the hijrah to Madinah.

Soon after arriving in Madinah, the Prophet(SAWS) in his unique manner began pairing off the Muhajirin and the Ansar. This established a firm bond of brotherhood and was meant to strengthen social cohesion and ease the destitution of the Muhajirin. Abdur-Rahman (R.A) was linked by the Prophet (SAWS) with Saad ibn ar-Rabi'ah(R.A). Saad (R.A) in the spirit of generosity and magnanimity with which the Ansar greeted the Muhajirin, said to Abdur-Rahman:

"My brother! Among the people of Madinah I have the most wealth. I have two orchards and I have two wives. See which of the two orchards you like and I shall vacate it for you and which of my two wives is pleasing to you and I will divorce her for you."

Abdur-Rahman(R.A) must have been embarrassed and said in reply: "May Allaah bless you in your family and your wealth. But just show me where the suq is.."

Abdur-Rahman(R.A) went to the market-place and began trading with whatever little resources he had. He bought and sold and his profits grew rapidly. Soon he was sufficiently well off and was able to get married. He went to the noble Prophet (SAWS) with the scent of perfume lingering over him.

"Mahyarn, O Abdur-Rahman!" exclaimed the Prophet - "mahyam" being a word of Yemeni origin which indicates pleasant surprise.

"I have got married," replied Abdur-Rahman. "And what did you give your wife as mahr?" "The weight of a nuwat in gold."

"You must have a walimah (wedding feast) even if it is with a single sheep. And may Allaah bless you in your wealth," said the Prophet (SAWS) with obvious pleasure and encouragement.

Thereafter Abdur-Rahman(R.A) grew so accustomed to business success that he said if he lifted a stone he expected to find gold or silver under it!

Abdur-Rahman (R.A) distinguished himself in both the battles of Badr and Uhud. At Uhud he remained firm throughout and suffered more than twenty wounds some of them deep and severe. Even so, his physical jihad was matched by his jihad with his wealth.

Once the Prophet(SAWS) was preparing to despatch an expeditionary force. He summoned his companions and said:

"Contribute sadaqah for I want to despatch an expedition." Abdur-Rahman(R.A) went to his house and quickly returned. "O Messenger of Allaah," he said, "I have four thousand (dinars). I give two thousand as a qard to my Lord and two thousand I leave for my family."

When the Prophet(R.A) decided to send an expedition to distant Tabuk - this was the last ghazwah(War) of his life that he mounted - his need for finance and material was not greater than his need for men for the Byzantine forces were a numerous and well-equipped foe. That year in Madinah was one of drought and hardship. The journey to Tabuk was long, more that a thousand kilometers. Provisions were in short supply. Transport was at a premium so much so that a group of Muslims came to the Prophet (SAWS) pleading to go with him but he had to turn them away because he could find no transport for them.

These men were sad and dejected and came to be known as the Bakka'in or the Weepers and the army itself was called the Army of Hardship ('Usrah). Thereupon the Prophet called upon his companions to give generously for the war effort in the path of Allaah and assured them they would be rewarded. The Muslims' response to the Prophet's call was immediate and generous. In the fore front of those who responded was Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf(R.A). He donated two hundred awqiyyah of gold whereupon Umar ibn al-Khattab said to the Prophet:

"I have (now) seen Abdur-Rahman committing a wrong. He has not left anything for his family."

"Have you left anything for your family, Abdur-Rahman?" asked the Prophet(SAWS).

"Yes," replied Abdur-Rahman. "I have left for them more than what I give and better." "How much?" enquired the Prophet(SAWS).

"What Allaah and His Messenger have promised of sustenance, goodness and reward," replied Abdur-Rahman(R.A).

The Muslim army eventually left for Tabuk. There Abdur-Rahman(R.A) was blessed with an honor which was not conferred on anyone till then. The time of Salat came and the Prophet(SAWS) was not there at the time. The Muslims chose Abdur-Rahman (R.A) as their imam. The first rakat of the Salat was almost completed when the Prophet(SAWS), joined the worshippers and performed the Salat behind Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf. Could there be a greater honor conferred on anyone than to have been the imam of the most honored of Allaah's creation, the imam of the Prophets, the imam of Muhammad, the Messenger of Allaah!

When the Prophet(SAWS) passed away, Abdur-Rahman (R.A) took on the responsibility of looking after the needs of his family, the Ummahaat al-Muminin. He would go with them wherever they wanted to and he even performed Hajj with them to ensure that all their needs were met. This is a sign of the trust and confidence which he enjoyed on the part of the Prophet's family.

Abdur-Rahman's support for the Muslims and the Prophet's wives in particular was well-known. Once he sold a piece of land for forty thousand dinars and he distributed the entire amount among the Banu Zahrah (the relatives of the Prophet's mother Aminah), the poor among the Muslims and the Prophet's wives. When Aishah(R Anha), received some of this money she asked:

"Who has sent this money?" and was told it was Abdur-Rahman, whereupon she said:

"The Messenger of Allaah (SAWS) said: No one will feel compassion towards you after I die except the sabirin (those who are patient and resolute)."

The prayer of the noble Prophet (SAWS) that Allaah should bestow barakah on the wealth of Abdur-Rahman appeared to be with Abdur-Rahman(R.A) throughout his life. He became the richest man among the companions of the Prophet(SAWS) . His business transactions invariably met with success and his wealth continued to grow. His trading caravans to and from Madinah grew larger and larger bringing to the people of Madinah wheat, flour, butter, cloths, utensils, perfume and whatever else was needed and exporting whatever surplus produce they had.

One day, a loud rumbling sound was heard coming from beyond the boundaries of Madinah normally a calm and peaceful city. The rumbling sound gradually increased in volume. In addition, clouds of dust and sand were stirred up and blown in the wind. The people of Madinah soon realized that a mighty caravan was entering the city. They stood in amazement as seven hundred camels laden with goods moved into the city and crowded the streets. There was much shouting and excitement as people called to one another to come out and witness the sight and see what goods and sustenance the camel caravan had brought.

Aishah(R Anha) heard the commotion and asked: "What is this that's happening in Madinah?" and she was told: "It is the caravan of Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf (R.A) which has come from Syria bearing his merchandise." "A caravan making all this commotion?" she asked in disbelief." "Yes, O Umm al-Muminin. There are seven hundred camels."

Aishah(R Anha) shook her head and gazed in the distance as if she was trying to recall some scene or utterance of the past and then she said:

"I have heard the Messenger of Allaah(SAWS) say: I have seen Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf entering Paradise creeping."

Why creeping? Why should he not enter Paradise leaping and at a quick pace with the early companions of the Prophet(SAWS)?

Some friends of his related to Abdur-Rahman the hadith which Aishah had mentioned. He remembered that he had heard the hadith more than once from the Prophet(SAWS) and he hurried to the house of Aishah and said to her: "Yaa Ammah! Have you heard that from the Messenger of Allaah(SAWS)?" "Yes," she replied.

"You have reminded me of a hadith which I have never forgotten," he is also reported to have said. He was so over-joyed and added:

"If I could I would certainly like to enter Paradise standing. I swear to you, yaa Ammah, that this entire caravan with all its merchandise, I will give in sabilillaah. (In the cause of Allaah)"

And so he did. In a great festival of charity and righteousness, he distributed all that the massive caravan had brought to the people of Madinah and surrounding areas.

This is just one incident which showed what type of man Abdur-Rahman was. He earned much wealth but he never remained attached to it for its own sake and he did not allow it to corrupt him.

Abdur-Rahman's generosity did not stop there. He continued giving with both his hands, secretly and openly. Some of the figures mentioned are truly astounding: forty thousand dirhams of silver, forty thousand dinars of gold, two hundred awqiyyah of gold, five hundred horses to mujahidin setting out in the path of Allaah and one thousand five hundred camels to another group of mujahidin, four hundred dinars of gold to the survivors of Badr and a large legacy to the Ummahaat al Muminin and the catalogue goes on. On account of this fabulous generosity, Aishah(R Anha) said:

"May Allaah give him to drink from the water of Salsabil (a spring in Paradise)." All this wealth did not corrupt Abdur-Rahman and did not change him. When he was among his workers and assistants, people could not distinguish him from them. One day food was brought to him with which to end a fast. He looked at the food and said:

"Musab ibn Umayr(R A) has been killed. He was better than me. We did not find anything of his to shroud him with except what covered his head but left his legs uncovered. . Then Allaah endowed us with the (bounties of) the world... I really fear that our reward has been bestowed on us early (in this world)." He began to cry and sob and could not eat.

May Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf be granted felicity among "those who spend their substance in the cause of Allaah and follow up not their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury. For them their reward is with their Lord, on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve". (The Quran, Surah al-Baqarah, 2: 262).
Abdur Rahman (R A) died in Syria (33 AH (653-654 CE) during the reign of Uthman(R A). He was buried on a hill to the north-east of present day Amman, Jordan.

SA`AD IBN ABI WAQQAS (R A)

SA`AD IBN ABI WAQQAS (RadhiAllaahu Anhu)

Sa` ad Ibn Abi Waqqas(RadhiAllaahu Anhu), one of the companions of Prophet Mohammad (SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) . He was one of those ten Companions who had been given the glad tidings of belonging to Paradise. He was the last of them to die. He died away from Medina in the land to which he retired away from the sedition between Ali & Mo’aweya(R Anhum). After his death, he was carried to Medina where he was buried. The most agreed upon date of his death was the year 55 after Hijra. Sa’ad was the first one to throw an arrow for the sake of Islam; he was the first to spill blood for the faith. He was one of the six persons that Umar ibn Al-Khattab(R A) appointed to choose a Caliph to succeed him from among them. Sa’ad was renowned for being of responded invocations. Whenever he asked Allaah for anything, he was answered. (due to the Prophet's Special supplication for him).

Sa` ad comes from a rich and noble family. And was so much attached to his family, specially his mother.

He was known for being serious and intelligent. Before embracing Islam he used to feel that he doesn t fit in the lifestyle of his people, also he was never satisfied with their religious beliefs.

On day Abu Bakr(RadhiAllaahu Anhu) came up and spoke softly to Sa`d (R A) , and explained to him what Islam is about. Then took him to Prophet Mohammad (SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) . It was late afternoon by this time and the Prophet had just prayed Salat al-Asr. Sa` ad (R A) was excited and overwhelmed and responded very quickly to the invitation to truth and the religion of Allaah . The fact that he was among the first people to embrace accept Islam was something that gave him great satisfaction.

The Prophet (SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) was also greatly pleased with the fact that Sa` ad (R A) has become a Muslim. The Prophet (SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) saw in Sa` ad signs of brilliance. The fact that he was still in his youth promised great things to come.

The Prophet (SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) was happy with his family relationship to Sa` ad . Once as he was sitting with his companions, he saw Sa `d coming and he said to them:

"This is my maternal uncle. Let a man see his maternal uncle!"

Indeed Prophet Mohammad (SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) was delighted with Sad's acceptance of Islam, but Sa`d' s mother was not. Sa` ad narrates:

"When my mother knew that I became a Muslim, she flew into a rage. She came up to me and said:

"O Sad! What is this religion that you have joined which has taken you away from the religion of your mother and father...? Either you abandon this new religion or I would not eat or drink until I die. Your heart would be broken with grief for me and remorse would consume you on account of the deed which you have done and people would censure you forever more.'

'Don't do this to me mother,' I said, 'for I would not give up my religion for anything in the world.'

Sa` ad s mother carried out her threat... For days she neither ate nor drank. And thus her health has majorly deteriorated. Once Sa` ad went to visit his mother trying to convince her to eat, he narrates:

'Mother! In spite of my strong love for you, my love for Allaah and His Messenger is way stronger. By Allaah , if you had a thousand souls and one soul after another were to depart, I would not abandon Islam for anything.' When she saw that I was determined she relented unwillingly and ate and drank."

It was concerning Sad's relationship with his mother and her attempt to forsake Islam that the words of the Qur an were revealed:

"And we enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents. In pain upon pain did his mother bear him and his weaning took two years. So show gratitude to Me and to your parents. To Me is the final destiny.

"But if they strive to make you join in worship with Me things of which you have no knowledge, obey them not. Yet bear them company in this life with justice and consideration and follow the way of those who turn to Me. In the end, the return of you all i s to Me and I shall tell you (the truth and meaning of) all that you used to do." Qur an (31: 14-15).

Sa` ad ibn Abi Waqqas (R A) had distinguished role in many of the battles that took place both during the time of the Prophet (SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) and after. He fought at the battle of Badr together with his young brother Umayr (R A) who had cried to be allowed to join the Muslim army for he was only in his early teens. Sa` ad returned to Madinah alone for Umayr was killed in the battle.

At the Battle of Uhud, Sa`d(R A) was chosen as one of the best warriors together with Zayd, Saib the son of Uthman ibn Mazun and others(R Anhum). Sa` ad was one of those who fought strongly in defence of the Prophet (SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) after some Muslims had deserted their positions. To urge him on, the Prophet (SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) , said:

" Shoot, Sa` ad ...may my mother and father be your ransom."

Sa`d (R A) is also known as the first companion to have shot an arrow in defence of Islam. And the Prophet once prayed for him saying:

"O Lord, direct his shooting and respond to his prayer."

Sa` ad was one of the companions of the Prophet who enjoyed great wealth. Just as he was known for his bravery, so he was known for his generosity. During the Farewell Pilgrimage with Prophet Mohammad (SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) , he fell ill. The Prophet came to visit him and said:

"O Messenger of Allaah . I have wealth and I only have one daughter to inherit from me. Shall I give two thirds of my wealth in charity?"

"No," replied the Prophet.

"Then, (shall I give) a half?" asked Sad and the Prophet again said 'no'.

"Then, (shall I give) a third?' asked Sa` ad .

"Yes," said the Prophet. "The third is much. Indeed to leave your heirs well-off' is better than that you should leave them dependent on others and to beg from people. If you spend anything seeking to gain thereby the pleasure of Allaah , you will be rewarded for it even if it is a morsel which you place in your wife's mouth."

Sa` ad did not remain the father of just one child but was blessed thereafter with many children.

Sa` ad is mainly renowned as the commander-in-chief of the strong Muslim army which Umar dispatched to fight the Persians at the Battle of Qadisiyyah.

It wasn t an easy task to fight the very strong army of Persia. The most powerful force had to be mustered. Umar(R A) sent dispatches to Muslim governors throughout the state to gather all strong men who had weapons or mounts, or who had talents of oratory and other skills to join the Muslims in the battle.

When they had all gathered, Umar (R A) consulted the Muslims leaders about the appointment of a commander-in-chief over the mighty army. Umar (R A) himself thought of leading the army but Ali suggested that the Muslims were in great need of him. So Sa` ad was then chosen as commander and Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf(R A) , one of the veterans among the Prophet s companions said:

"You have chosen well! Who is there like Sa` ad ?" Umar (R A) stood before the army and bade farewell to them. To the commander-in-chief he said:

"O Sad! Let not any statement that you are the uncle of the Messenger of Allaah or that you are the companion of the Messenger of Allaah distract you from God. Allaah Almighty does not obliterate evil with evil but he wipes out evil with good.

"O Sa`ad ! There is no connection between God and anyone except obeying Him. In the sight of Allaah all people whether nobleman or commoner are the same. Allaah is their Lord and they are His worshipers seeking elevation through taqwa (fear of God) and seeking to obtain what is with God through obedience. Consider how the Messenger of Allaah used to act with the Muslims and act accordingly..."

Sa` ad was fully aware of the gravity of the impending battle and kept in close contact with the military high command in Madinah. Although commander-in-chief, he understood the importance of shura (counseling).

Sa`ad (R A) followed Umar' s (R A) instructions.

The Battle of Qadisiyyah is one of the most important battles of world history.

Two years after Qadisiyyah, Sa` ad went on to take the Sasanian capital. The taking of Ctesiphon was accomplished after a brilliant crossing of the Tigris river (In Iraq) while it was in flood. Sa` ad (R A) has thus gone down in the annals of history as the Hero of Qadisiyyah and the Conqueror of Ctesiphon.

Sa` ad was blessed with much influence and wealth but as the time of death approached in the year 54 AH, he asked his son to open a box in which he had kept a course woolen jubbah and said:

"Shroud me in this, for in this (jubbah) I fought against the atheists on the day of Badr and in it I desire to meet Allaah Almighty."

Virtues of Sa` ad Ibn Abi Waqqas(RadhiAllaahu Anhu)

Sa’ad was the one who built the city of Kufa in Iraq during the reign Umar ibn al-Khattab(R A). He was appointed by Umar as its Amir. Later Umar (R A) removed him from that post but he was re-assigned during the caliphate of Othman(R A). Muslim mentions that the people of Kufa filed a complaint against Sa’ad to the Caliph Umar . Umar (R A) was known to be meticulous in his rulings & verdicts. He sent a committee to Kufa to investigate the matter. They passed by all mosques of the city asking about Sa’ad & got loads of praise on his behalf. In just one masjid, that of the clan of Bani Abd, one single man (Abu Sa’adah) criticized Sa’ad saying: Sa’ad never leads his troops, never rules fairly, & never divides profits evenly. When this reached Sa’ad, he said: As he accused me of three, likewise I’ll ask God for three to befall him if he lied: to extend his life, to deepen his poverty & to make fall for temptations. The narrators Abdul Malak ibn Omair after Jaber ibn Thamarah testify that they saw such a man who falsely charged Sa’ad cursed by Sa’ad’s invocation: old, poor & chasing women in the streets! If the accusations were false & Sa’ad acquitted, why then did Umar remove Sa’ad from his post as Emir of Koufa? This resolution from Umar was not for something wrong that Sa’ad did. This is proved by the fact that Umar chose Sa’ad as one of his possible successors. Moreover, Umar specified Sa’ad in his will: “If Sa’ad was chosen as my successor well & good, if not he should be consulted. I did not remove him for being defective or dishonest”. Umar dismissed Sa’ad as a part of his policy of legitimacy. He would not leave someone in office who has been accused by people, even if the charges were proved to be false. He would not let doubts propagate in the hearts of lay people. When Umar was dying, he confirmed the honest status of Sa’ad admitting that he did not dismiss him for any defects or dishonesty on his side. And he appointed Sa’ad as one of his possible successors.

• Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas (R A) was among those who stayed away from the big dispute between Ali & Mo’aweyah refusing to take sides. His nephew Hashem ibn Otbah came to him saying: 100,000 swords are waiting for you to lead them. They believe that you deserve to be their master. Sa’ad replied: I just want one single sword out of those 100,000; a sword that when I use to hit a believer it would not harm him, yet when I strike with it an infidel it would cut him. In another version Sa’ad said: Give me a sword that when I want to strike a believer, it denies me & says: Do not hit, this is a believer. But when I want to strike an infidel, it cuts him. Sa’ad was wise to retire this whole sedition & refused to have any part in it. He had some nice words on that issue: We & our companions are like some people who were travelling on the road, when suddenly it all turned dark around them. Some of them said that the road was going right & they walked right. Others said that it went left & they turned left. But we said that we do not see to which way the road goes & we decided to stay where we were standing till the darkness clears. When it cleared, we carried on taking the original road.

• Imam Muslim mentions that Aisha (R Anha) said that one night the Prophet (SAWS) woke up from his sleep & said: I wish some good man from among my companions would keep an eye on me for the night. Just as he said that we heard the rattle of a weapon outside. The Prophet(SAWS) asked: Who is there? Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqas replied: It is me Messenger of Allaah. The Prophet asked again: And what brought you? Sa’ad(R A) replied: I felt some concern for you Messenger of Allaah, so I decided to come & stand guard for you for the night. The Prophet felt safe. He gave an invocation for Sa’ad then went into sound sleep. The hadeeth points to some virtues of Sa’ad: (a) “I wish a good man from among my companions would keep an eye on me for the night”. So we know that Sa’ad is “a good man” & that he is “from among the friends of the Prophet” who are all righteous. (b) “The Prophet gave an invocation for Sa’ad”. This means that the Prophet prayed for the man asking God to forgive him & to let him prosper. It is known that Allaah accepts the Prophet’s prayers & fulfills them.

• Muslim mentions a hadeeth in which Ali (R A) said: The Prophet (SAWS) never swore by both his father & mother together except for Sa’ad. He was telling him in the battle of uhud: Throw, by my father & mother. In another version of the hadeeth mentioned byMuslim, the narrator is Sa’ad himself who said: The Messenger of Allaah (SAWS) has united both his parents for me on the day of uhud. There was this infidel who was hitting Muslims hard with his sword. So the Prophet told me: By my father & mother throw an arrow on him. So I threw him with a blunt-headed arrow which hit his side (some narrators said that the arrow hit the man’s heart). He fell down. The Prophet(SAWS) was content that the man who was frightening Muslims has been killed.

• Muslim mentions a hadeeth by Mus’ab (the son of Sa’ad) who said: Four verses of the Qur'an were revealed on behalf of Sa’ad. His mother swore that she would not talk to him at all until he goes back on his faith. She refused to eat or drink & told him: You claim that your religion commands you to honor your parents. I am your mother & I command you to go back on that faith of yours. She spent 3 days on that food strike till she was extremely weary. Another son of hers (Umair ) gave her to drink. They forced her to eat by opening her mouth by force. But once she regained composure, she kept cursing Sa’ad. He told her: Even if you had 100 lives (or 100 breaths left in you), & these kept on leaving your body one by one, still I’d never abandon my faith. Then a verse of the Quran was revealed blaming Sa’ad for being rude to his mother but corroborated his stand with her regarding the matter of faith [“And should they try to force you to adopt or accept polytheism and to incorporate with Me other deities of whom or (of which) you have empty knowledge, then refuse to accept and disobey them in this respect. But keep friends with them in life and maintain the friendly feeling and disposition and let it be felt in equity” (31: 15)]. The verses told Sa’ad to hold on to his faith, but to be kind to his mother & not to talk to her in such harsh words.

• A second verse of the Quran was revealed in Sa’ad. He narrates: In this battle the Prophet (SAWS) gained a lot of spoils. Among these was a great sword (of Sa’eed ibn Al-Aas). I was the one who gained it & took it to the Prophet (SAWS) & asked him to give it to me as I was the one who deserved it (being the one who killed the owner & brought the sword, & being a brave skilled fighter with swords). The Prophet said: Put it back from where you took it. I went to put it where spoils are collected, but my soul was blaming me (you are the one who got it, so you should take it & not leave it to someone else). So, I returned back to the Prophet & asked him again. He raised his voice blaming me for not obeying him on the first time & repeated: Put it back from where you took it. And God revealed [“They ask you O Muhammad about the spoils of war what to do with them, to whom do they belong and how are they going to be divided among the victors! Say to them: «They belong to Allaah and His cause and to the Messenger who administers Allaah 's affairs according to divine instructions. The main thing is that you people entertain the profound reverence dutiful to Allaah and to stand firm to Allaah 's principles and purpose, to concert all matters in difference and to obey Allaah and His Messenger if indeed are true believers»” (8:1)].

• Sa’ad narrates the story surrounding the revealing of the 3rd verse on his behalf: I was roaming around when I came across a group of Ansar (original inhabitants of Medina who supported the Prophet) & Muhajereen (inhabitants of Mecca who migrated to Medina fleeing with their faith). They said: O Sa’ad, come & have some food & wine with us. This was before alcohol was prohibited. I accepted their invitation & we sat together eating & drinking. There was this grilled head of a camel & big container of wine. I said (apparently after getting drunk) that Muhajereen are better than Ansar. One of the Ansar (who was also drunk) took the bony skull of the camel & hit me with it in the face. My nose was injured (slit opened) & bleeding. I went to the Prophet (SAWS) & told him of what happened. Allaah revealed to him the verse of the Quran that prohibited alcohol [“O you who have conformed to Islam You had better realize that Intoxicants (alcohol & the like), gambling, the stone altars on which oil is poured for consecration or on which meat is sacrificed for idols (idolatrous/superstitious practices), & divination & raffling by arrows or any other means; all these are indeed an atrocity of Satan who is your avowed enemy. Therefore, avoid such horrible wickedness so that Heaven may hopefully prosper you. The fact is that Satan wishes to use intoxicants and gambling as the instrument to implant enmity and hatred among you and to alienate you from keeping Allaah in mind and from the act of worship” (5:90-91)].

• Muslim mentions a hadeeth in which Sa’ad said: This verse of the Quran was revealed on behalf of me among six others [“And do not oblige the rich infidels who suffer from inordinate self-esteem, by dismissing those who are humble in rank or station before they listen to your discourse on Islam. Poor as they are, they uplift their hands and their inward sight to Allaah in their devotional exercise morning and evening seeking only the illumination proceeding from Him” (6:52)]. There was ibn Mas’ood, Bilal, one man from Hudthail, myself & two others whom I don’t recall. The rich infidels asked the Prophet to throw us out while he was preaching them about Islam lest we may get daring towards them. The Prophet must have thought of something within himself. And Allaah revealed to him (verse 6:52). Most probably the Prophet may have thought of letting those 6 pious Muslims out in response to those infidels in an attempt to gain them into Islam. The Prophet (SAWS) was known to have said: I may skip a man that I love from donations, & give someone else in order to make him blend. It is normal that one may trust the faith of pious righteous ones, & not fear any retreat of their faith. But for someone who has just embraced the religion (or is hoped to) & whose faith is still on the edge, you must treat that one very gently & be generous with him; much more than you are with the pious ones. One may think that the Prophet was favoring the infidel over the pious believer. Aiming at gaining more people into the faith, the thought of pleasing the infidels being preached by getting those 6 believers out; that thought may have crossed his mind. Allaah did not approve of such thought of the Prophet & the verse was revealed redirecting his aims.

• Sa’ad was sick during the Prophet’s (SAWS) farewell pilgrimage. He was afraid that he would die in Mecca as Sa’ad ibn Khawla had died. The Prophet called ibn Khawla “the distressed” for not dying in Medina. He narrates: I was sick, so I sent to the Prophet & he came to visit. I said to him that I’ll divide my heritage the way I fancy. He denied that. So I said: I’ll divide half of it. Again he denied that. So I said: I’ll divide one third of it. This time he remained silent. A rule of jurisprudence was thus established. A person is given the right to divide only 1/3 or less of his heritage. He has no control over the rest which is divided between his heirs according to the rules revealed in the Quran (4:11-12)

SA'ID IBN ZAYD (R A)

Sa'īd  ibn Zayd (RadhiAllaahu Anhu)

Sa'īd  ibn Zayd (R.A)  was in the forefront of those who believed in the oneness of Allaah and who affirmed their faith in the prophethood of Muhammad(SallAllaahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam) .He was one of those ‘Ashratun-Mubashshirah(i.e. those ten Companions who had been given the glad tidings of belonging to Paradise.).  Sa'īd's father, Zayd bin Amr was a hanif, a follower of the monotheistic tradition of Abraham, and hence never worshipped idols nor ate meat slaughtered in the name of idols. The Quraysh harassed him for this, and his uncle Khattab bin Nufayl became one of his main tormentors.

He was a great man and is also the one of the best role models in Islam. This is not strange for Said(R.A) grew up in a household which repudiated the idolatrous ways of the Quraysh and he was instructed by a father Zayd (R.A) who spent his life searching for Truth and who died in its pursuit.

In his early career, he served as the secretary of the Prophet (SAWS) and recorded the verses of the Qur'an which were revealed to the Prophet. Sa'īd bin Zayd was a pious man and he never did anything throughout his life against the teachings of Muhammad(SAWS). It is a Said  that ‘Sa'īd always covered Muhammad(SAWS) keeping himself ahead and in front of him in battle and always stood behind him in prayers. He took part in a number of battles, even after the death of Muhammad(SAWS), for the sake of Islam, and fought very bravely.

He participated in all of the battles in which Muhammad participated personally with the exception of the battle of Badr.Muhammad had sent Talha and Sa'īd bin Zayd to get information on the movement of the Quraysh army. They missed the Quraysh army and by the time they returned, the battle had been won by the Muslims. However, both of them were given their share of the war trophies of the battle.

Sa'īd  (R A) was not yet twenty when he embraced Islam. His young and steadfast wife Fatimah, daughter of al-Khattab and sister of Umar(R A), also accepted Islam early. Evidently both Sa'īd  (R A)and Fatimah bint Al khattab (R Anha) managed to conceal their acceptance of Islam from the Quraysh and especially from Fatimah's family for some time. She had cause to fear not only her father but her brother Umar(R A) who was brought up to venerate the Kabah and to cherish the unity of the Quraysh and their religion.

Umar (R A) was a headstrong young man of great determination. He saw Islam as a threat to the Quraysh and became most violent and unrestrained in his attacks on Muslims. He finally decided that the only way to put an end to the trouble was to eliminate the man who was its cause. Goaded on by blind fury he took up his sword and headed for the Prophet's (SAWS) house. On his way he came face to face with Sa'īd  ibn Abi Waqqas (R A), who found Umar's grim expression and  asked him where he was going. "I am going to kill Muhammad..."

There was no mistaking his bitterness and murderous resolve. Sa'īd  ibn abi waqqas (R A) sought to dissuade him from his intent but Umar (R A)was deaf to any arguments. He then thought of diverting Umar (R A) in order to at least warn the Prophet of his intentions.

"O Umar," he said, "Why not first go back to the people of your own house and set them to rights?" "What people of my house?" asked Umar(R A).

"Your sister Fatimah and your brother-in-law Said(R A). They have both forsaken your religion and are followers of Muhammad in his religion..."

Umar(R A) turned and made straight for his sister's house. There he called out to her angrily as he approached. Khabbab ibn al-Aratt (R A) who often came to recite the Qur'an to Sa'īd  and Fatimah was with them then. When they heard Umar's voice, Khabbab(R A) hid in a corner of the house and Fatimah(R Anha)  concealed the manuscript. But 'Umar (R A) had heard the sound of their reading and when he came in, he Said  to them: "What is this haynamah (gibbering) I heard?"

They tried to assure him that it was only normal conversation that he had heard but he insisted: "Hear it I did," he said, "and it is possible that you have both become renegades."

"Have you not considered whether the Truth is not to be found in your religion?" Said  Sa'īd(R A) to Umar (R A) trying to reason with him. Instead, Umar set upon his brother-in-law hitting and kicking him as hard as he could and when Fatimah went to the defence of her husband, Umar struck her a blow on her face which drew blood.

"O Umar," Said  Fatimah(R Anha), and she was angry. "What if the Truth is not in your religion! I bear witness that there is no God but Allaah and I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah."

Fatimah's wound was bleeding, and when Umar (R A) saw the blood he was sorry for what he had done. A change came over him and he Said  to his sister:

"Give me that script which you have that I may read it." Like them Umar (R A) could read, but when he asked for the script, Fatimah Said  to him:

"You are impure and only the pure may touch it. Go and wash yourself or make ablutions."

Thereupon Umar (R A) went and washed himself, and she gave him the page on which was written the opening verses of Surah Ta-Ha. He began to read it and when he reached the verse, 'Verily, I alone am God, there no deity but me. So, worship Me alone, and be constant in Prayer so as to remember Me, 'he said: "Show me where Muhammad is."

Umar (R A) then made his way to the house of al-Arqam and declared his acceptance of Islam and the Prophet(SAWS)  and all his companions rejoiced.

Sa'īd  (R A) and his wife Fatimah(R Anha)  were thus the immediate cause which led to the conversion of the strong and determined Umar and this added substantially to the power and prestige of the emerging faith.

Sa'īd  ibn Zayd (R A) was totally devoted to the Prophet (SAWS) and the service of Islam. He witnessed all the major campaigns and encounters in which the Prophet (SAWS) engaged with the exception of Badr. Before Badr, he and Talhah(R A) were sent by the Prophet as scouts to Hawra on the Red Sea coast due west of Madinah to bring him news of a Quraysh caravan returning from Syria. When Talhah (R A) and Sa'īd  (R A) returned to Madinah the Prophet(SAWS)  had already set out for Badr with the first Muslim army of just over three hundred men.

After the passing away of the Prophet(SallAllaahu 'Alaihi Wa Sallam), Sa'īd  (R A)continued to play a major role in the Muslim community. He was one of those whom Abu Bakr (R A)consulted on his succession and his name is often linked with such companions as Uthman, Abu Ubaydah and Sad ibn Abi Waqqas (RadhiAllaahu Anhum) in the campaigns that were waged. He was known for his courage and heroism, a glimpse of which we can get from his account of the Battle of Yarmuk. He (R A) said:

"For the Battle of Yarmuk, we were twenty four thousand or thereabout. Against us, the Byzantines mobilized one hundred and twenty thousand men. They advanced towards us with a heavy and thunderous movement as if mountains were being moved. Bishops and priests strode before them bearing crosses and chanting litanies which were repeated by the soldiers behind them.

When the Muslims saw them mobilized thus, they became worried by their vast numbers and something of anxiety and fear entered theft hearts. Thereupon,

Abu Ubaydah (R A) stood before the Muslims and urged them to fight. "Worshippers of Allaah" he said, "help Allaah and Allaah will help you and make your feet firm."

"Worshippers of Allaah, be patient and steadfast for indeed patience and steadfastness (sabr) is a salvation from unbelief, a means of attaining the pleasure of Allaah and a defence against ignominy and disgrace."

"Draw out your spears and protect yourselves with your shields. Don't utter anything among yourselves but the remembrance of Allaah Almighty until I give you the command, if Allaah wills."

"Thereupon a man emerged from the ranks of the Muslims and said: "I have resolved to die this very hour. Have you a message to send to the Messenger of Allaah(SAWS)?"

"Yes" replied Abu Ubaydah(R A), "convey salaam to him from me and from the Muslims and say to him: O Messenger of Allaah, we have found true what our Lord has promised us."

"As soon as I heard the man speak and saw him unsheathe his sword and go out to meet the enemy, I threw myself on the ground and crept on all fours and with my spear I felled the first enemy horseman racing towards us. Then I fell upon the enemy and Allaah removed from my heart all traces of fear. The Muslims engaged the advancing Byzantines and continued fighting until they were blessed with victory."

Sa'īd  (R A) was ranked by the Prophet as one of the outstanding members of his generation. He was among ten of the companions whom the Prophet visited one day and promised Paradise. These were Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Abdur-Rahman ibn Awf, Abu Ubaydah, Talhah, Az-Zubayr, Sa'ad of Zuhrah(Sa'ad ibn abi Waqqas), and Sa'īd  the son of Zayd the Hanif(RadhiAllaahu Anhum). The books of the Prophet's sayings have recorded his great praises of the Promised Ten (al-'asharatu-l mubashshirun) and indeed of others whom on other occasions he also gave good tidings of Paradise.

Sa'īd  (R A) died aged seventy nine in 673 AD (51 AH) during the reign of Muawiyah I and was buried by Sa`d ibn Abi Waqqas (R A) and the son of Umar(R A).

Tuesday, 9 July 2013

STORY OF OWAIS (R A)

STORY OF OWAIS(R A)- Unseen companion of Prophet (SAWS)

Owais (R A) was the only man who was mentioned by name by the Prophet(SAWS) without him having met him. He became a companion without seeing the prophet (SAWS), Owais (R A) was given the honor of being his Companion in Paradise! SubahanAllaah

One day, Omar ibn Khattab, Abu Bakr, Ali and other companions (RadhiAllaahu Anhum) were sitting with the Prophet(SAWS) at the Masjid when the Prophet(SAWS) said to them the story of Owais (R A).


Elsewhere in Yemen, a young boy is herding his sheep, the sun beating down on his shoulders where a white mark stands alone on his dark skin. He is frustrated from being poor and having to struggle and take care of his mother. His father died when he was a young child, leaving him the man of the house. When the boy was seventeen, his mother lost her vision, and his responsibilities toward her increased as he now had to help her move around.
One night, he was carrying a candle and helping his mother move around the house when the candlelight went out and they were left in darkness. He could not see a thing. Then his mother, who was used to finding her way in the darkness, started leading him. This turn of events affected him deeply and he started to ponder on the weight of light and darkness.

The next day, the seventeen-year-old Owais (R A) bumped into a Muslim man who was coming to Yemen to spread Islam. He stopped the man and asked him to tell him something from the Qur'an that his Prophet(SAWS) has said. So the man recites a verse from Surat Al Nur:
{…And he for whom Allaah has not appointed light, for him there is no light} (Qur'an 24:40)
This really hit home for Owais (R A) as he remembered what had happened the night before with his mother. “Tell me more about what your Prophet(SAWS) says,” said Owais.
So the man, noticing that Owais (R A) was poor, chose this Hadith. “What am I to this world and what is this world to me? The example of me and this world is that of a man who walks in the heat of the desert and sits under the shade of a tree for an hour, then walks away and leaves it.”
Owais (R A) upon hearing this Hadith, immediately said his shahadah and became a Muslim at the age of 17. Then came the question, will he migrate to see the Prophet? As much as Owais (R A) wanted to, he couldn’t and wouldn’t leave his mother. Some people suggested that he let some neighbors take care of her while he was gone but he said that he was the one who should take care of her and turned down the opportunity to see the Prophet. This sacrifice for his mother and the way Owais (R A) had devoted himself to his mother his whole life was the reason that he was mentioned by the Prophet(SAWS) . Also because of his deep faith and his lack of attachment to the material things in this world.
So when Ali bin Abu Talib (R A) left Yemen with a group of new Muslims to go back to Madinah, it was
without the boy he bumped into on his way there. He had no idea that it the Owais (R A) that the Prophet(SAWS)
had mentioned and the boy didn’t know it was Ali bin Abu Talib(R A). 3 years later, the Prophet passed away and years after that Abu Bakr (R A) also passed away. When Umar ibn AlKhattab(R A) became Khalifah, he would go around all the people during Hajj and call out,
“OWAIS, OWAIS, Is there anyone here named Owais?” He would go to the group that came from Yemen and ask them if a man named Owais (R A) is among them. But no one had heard of this man. Umar (R A) realized it was just as the Prophet(SAWS) described to him, that he was a man who was unknown among the people.
Year after year, Umar (R A) would go around at Hajj and call out and ask for Owais. One year during Hajj,
he stood at Mount Arafat and asked all the people making Hajj to stand up. Then he told everyone to sit down except those from Yemen. From that group, he told them all to sit down except those from Murad and from that group, he told them all to sit down except those from Qarn. One man was left standing. “Are you a Qarni?” asked Umar ibn Al Khattab(R A). The man replied in the affirmative.
“Do you know Owais?” “Yes, he is my nephew. But what would you want with him. He is but a poor,
forgotten man,” replied the Yemeni man. Umar (R A) started to weep. “This man is not just a poor, forgotten man. He is a man who will choose 200,000 people to come with him into heaven. Is he with you?”
“No, he is not,” replied the man. “Is his mother living,” asked Umar(R A).
“Yes,” replied the man.
“I know he will not ever leave her, as this is what the Prophet (SAWS) said,” replied Umar(R A).
Umar (R A) searched for Owais (R A) for ten years. A year before the death of Umar(R A) , Owais’s mother passed
away. That year, Umar stood up at Mount Arafat again and said to the people of Yemen, “Is Owais
al Qarni among you?” A Yemeni man said, “He is that sheppard standing over there.” Umar (R A) became
so excited and went to look for Ali(R A) . “Ali! Ali! We found him!” he called out.
Umar and Ali (R Anhum) approached Owais (R A) and asked him,“Are you Owais (R A) al Qarni?”
“Yes,” replied a surprised Owais. “Show me your shoulder,” replied Umar. Owais (R A) showed them his shoulder and they were able to see the mark that the Prophet(SAWS) mentioned. “Is your mother with you?” asked Umar. Owais (R A) replied that his mother had passed away. “Ah, it is just as the Prophet said it would be then,” said Umar(R A).
Owais (R A) actually did not know these men so he asked them who they were. “I am Umar ibn AlKhattab(R A) , the Khalifah, and this is Ali ibn Abu Talib(R A) , the man who came to Yemen to spread Islam,” said Umar(R A).
“Yes! I remember him! But, how do you know me?” asked Owais. So Umar (R A) told Owais (R A) the whole story about how the Prophet(SAWS) had talked about him years ago and how Angel Jibreal (A S) had described him. They said how his signs were the mark on his shoulder, his care for his mother, and his lack of attachment to this world. He said how Prophet (SAWS) told them that he would take 200,000 people with him into Paradise. They told him how they had been looking for him for years.
Umar and Ali (R Anhum) then asked Owais (R A) to make duaa for them and ask forgiveness for him. “You are now my friend in this life and the next,” Umar(R A) said to Owais. However, Owais (R A) was not interested in the
life of fame and ease that would come with being Umar’s friend, especially when people find out what the Prophet (SAWS) had said about him. He kindly refused, and asked to be left as he is. Owais (R A) said he was going to go to Kufa. “Would you like me to write to the leader of Kufa to await your arrival and look after you?” asked Umar.
“No thank you. I would like to go unknown as I came,” replied Owais.
“Ok then at least let me give you some money to help you out,” said Umar (R A) in an effort to do at
least something for Owais. “No thank you, my wool coat has still not worn out and neither have my shoes. I have four dirhams that I have still not used. When I run out, I will figure out how to get more. I am content this way,” replied Owais.
“Please stay with me,” said Umar. “Thank you Umar. But what I have is good for me and what
you have is good for you and the Muslims,” said Owais.
Owais (R A) left Mecca. He participated in the battle at Azerbaijan and died during the battle. His death came about 2 years after the death of Umar ibn AlKhattab(R A) . Owais (R A) was about 35 years old.

MORAL:
This is one of my favorite stories. There are two things to learn here. One is the importance of taking care of your mother and that the reward for it is more than you can imagine. Once a companion asked the Prophet whom he should befriend. The Prophet (SAWS) replied, “Your mother.”
The Companion then asked, “Who after her?” “Your mother,” replied the Prophet. Then Companion then asked, “Then who should I befriend?” “Your mother,” replied the Prophet(SAWS) . “Then whom after that?” asked the Companion. “Your father,” replied the Prophet.(Sahîh Bukhârî 5971 and Sahîh Muslim 7/2)
So much importance is placed on the mother-not just taking care of her and feeding her and clothing her. Befriend her. Your parents should be your friends. Bir Al Waleedain, your obligation to your parents, is not just a material obligation like putting a roof over their heads and making a phone call every week. Its being their friend and having them be a part of your life, especially in their old age. People say that Islam oppresses women, but how can anyone say that when they see a person like Owais, who will take 200,000 with him to heaven, just for sacrificing his friendship with the Prophet to take care of his mother and for devoting his whole life to her. If you were in the same position, what would you choose?
Which leads me to the second lesson.
Sacrifice:

When you sacrifice something for Allaah or leave something for the sake of Allaah , Allaah will reward
you with something unbelievably greater than it. Owais (R A) didn’t get to be a Companion of the Prophet because he chose to care for his mother, so Owais (R A) was given the honor of being his Companion in Paradise! This also goes for you in even the smallest things. Imagine how Owais (R A) must have felt to hear what the Prophet had said about him!
*This story is also a reminder that our wealth, clothes and status are not an indication to how we are viewed by Allaah . The story in the beginning of the man in the Masjid was the Prophet’s way of showing that to the Companions.
References:
Muslim :: Book 31 : Hadith 6172
Muslim :: Book 31 : Hadith 6170
Muslim :: Book 31 : Hadith 6171
Detailed Story from "The Children Around the Table of Allah," by Shaykh Muhammad Sa'id al-Jamal ar-Rifa'i

*Owais (R A) is going to take 200,000 people with him to Paradise! Even a martyr only gets 70,000.
Share this, May Allaah reward you well. Aameen